January 15, 2022 | Mona Oates

Martin Luther King: Creativity and Underrepresented Groups

Universities and research institutions thrive on inspiration, creativity, and innovation. They are pillars of progress. The most successful institutions produce the most cutting-edge technologies, systems, and cultural revolution. These developments are then adopted into our social network and improve our everyday lives.

Martin Luther King, Jr. stated that: “Almost always, the creative dedicated minority has made the world better.”


This holds true for today and far into our futures. Higher Education environments require a diverse workforce and students. Time and time again research has shown that individuals of different backgrounds accelerate innovation. It is often the person with lesser representation who is willing to push known standards and schools of thought.


What could be the reason? For one a person who stands outside of the norm often see and unfortunately experience the imbalances present in an institution. This institutional bias expands beyond the workplace. It exists in our social structures, healthcare, technology, voting accessibility, food education and availability.


Thus, underrepresented persons develop a drive to improve and unite our world. They are a requirement in higher education in order to direct our society onto a path where we all become people and are not judged by their color, sexual orientation, hair,
gender, religion or any other identity.


| Mona Oates

What is Diversity, Equity and Inclusion in Academia

Since our founding the concept of diversity has changed dramatically and evolved further to help institutions to fairly incorporate diverse groups. Diversity, Equity and Inclusion or DEI is now the foremost concept to give guidance to universities and other institutions to have their diverse staff thrive within their workplace.



Diversity is commonly used and talked about at the workplace. However, it is often misunderstood, and its definition has blurred. Frequently diversity is applied to individuals. It needs to be pointed out that a person cannot be diverse. A group of different individuals may be diverse. This is an important point to remember since labeling someone as diverse undermines their individualism and places them as other than a perceived default, which is usually systemically privileged individuals who may not necessarily be the majority. A diverse group includes the presence of differences. Diversity is represented in race, ethnicity, gender identity, sexual orientation, age, and socioeconomic class, as well as physical ability, veteran status, whether or not you have kids. Other aspects that need to be considered are diversity of thought.



Once diversity became a focus and institutions began to hire underrepresented groups it became evident that the status quo work environment did not result in employee retention. Diverse groups cannot work well together unless they feel valued, and their needs are heard. Inclusion requires the employer to go beyond numbers of representation and create common shared valued experience and a sense of belonging. Inclusion maintains diversity because it allows all employees to be their selves at work while maintaining a professional, collaborative, and productive environment.




While inclusion is a vital element to ensure that all individuals at image quotethe workplace feel welcome, one must recognize that everyone
must have access to resources, rewards, and any necessary support. Equity recognizes individuals’ hurdles and advantages throughout the workplace. By addressing them every employee has the opportunity of equal possible outcomes in their career and personal growth. Equity is not equality since each individual may not start at the same level, and require support and resources to be as successful as others. For example, job applications could be standardized so that each candidate has an equal chance to apply and being interviewed. Additionally, companies need to recognize that underrepresented groups work harder because they are being asked to help with diversity discussions and equal rights policies within the company. While it is honorable of the employer to include many groups in the decision making it is vital to compensate them for the additional time they invest.


How does DEI apply to academia?

Universities have been the pioneers of diversity and inclusion for decades. The primary reason universities moved forward on this mission is due to student demands. Students insisted to have teachers and mentors that are relatable and showed them that a career in academia or other university jobs welcome individuals of all backgrounds. Some institutions of higher learning start to develop programs to teach their students the skills to implement DEI in the workplace. For example, the University of Michigan initiated a Graduate Student DEI Professional Development Certificate Program.

Institutions can apply DEI in a multitude of ways and state their agendas as a moral or instrumental perspective. Stating a moral commitment often results in the mission to correct injustice, while the instrumental strategy helps to highlight the benefits of diversity to more privileged groups. The latter approach while emphasizing the beneficial learning outcomes of increased diversity, instrumental diversity may end up being more beneficial to the privileged groups rather than the underrepresented individuals it was developed for. It appears that a dual approach of moral and instrumental strategy is applied to bring equity to all individuals and have more privileged groups understand the benefits.